Shut down or Restart Windows 8 from Remote Desktop

Here is how you can quickly and easily Shut down or Restart a Windows 8 or Windows Server 2012 computer. This works when logged in locally and when logged in via Remote Desktop.

  1. Navigate to the desktop.  Note: When logged in locally, pressing the Windows key will quickly toggle between the desktop and the start screen. When logged in via Remote Desktop, you will need to press Alt + Home to toggle.
  2. Press Alt + F4. This will present the Shut Down Windows dialog allowing you to Switch user, Sign out, Sleep, Shut down, or Restart the computer.
    Mac users: For those of you remoting in from a Mac, the keys are:  fn + Control + Command + F4

Below are examples of the Shut Down Windows dialog when logged in locally and when logged in via Remote Desktop.

Shut Down Windows dialog when logged in locally

Shut Down Windows dialog when logged in via Remote Desktop

Fix: This connection requires an active Internet connection

Solution to the message:
"This connection requires an active Internet connection"


Since using Vista, I occasionally had a problem when trying to connect to a network using VPN.  Vista simply did not think I had an active Internet connection – when in fact I did.  I resolved this a while back for myself.  I have since noticed a few other posts on the Internet now that suggest opening the Network Connections dialog and connecting from there; or to create a shortcut to that connection.

Another better option (in my opinion) that has resolved this permanently for me is to simply change the order of the network connections and make your physical network connection the first in the list.  To do this:

  1. Open the Control Panel from the Start menu.
  2. Click Network and Internet.
  3. Click on the Network and Sharing Center.
  4. Click Manage network connections.
  5. If the menu bar containing the Advanced menu option is not visible then Click Organize > Layout > Menu Bar to enable the menu bar.
  6. Click Advanced > Advanced Settings.
  7. Select the Adapters and Bindings tab.
  8. In the Connections list, re-sequence the list of connections so that your primary method of connecting is first.
  9. Click OK to save.

I have sequenced my network adapters in the following order starting with my physical network LAN adapter and then my wireless as shown here:


Note: You may need to exit and re-open the Connect to a network dialog before the connection becomes enabled.

Another option is the open your Network Connections and then right-click on the connection you wish to use and select the Connect menu option.  This works, but requires that you work around the problem each time having to navigate through the dialogs, or to create a shortcut link.  I find this less desirable, but it should work if necessary.

How to send SMTP email using Telnet

How to send SMTP email using Telnet

This is an old method of sending email using Telnet.  I’ve posted it here mostly for a remider to me on exactly how to do this, but thought I would share it with others who may not know of this.  This can be useful when testing if a server can successfully send email.  For example, I use this to confirm if a SharePoint server can successfully send emails for alerts and notifications.

Important: If you make any typing errors and use the backspace button to correct them, your command will return as invalid or as an error.  Therefore, you must type each command exactly – without any errors or corrections.

The items in bold are what you should type.

Start a Telnet session from a command line by entering:
Telnet 25

220 Microsoft ESMTP MAIL Service, Version: 6.0.3790.2499 ready at  Thu, 29 Jun 2006 15:59:02 -0600

250 Hello []
mail from:

250 2.1.0…Sender OK
rcpt to:

250 2.1.5

354 Start mail input; end with .
This is a test.
.  (enter a dot/period to end the data)

250 2.6.0 Queued mail for delivery

Connection to host lost.